Against the wall
While wood panelling used to serve as impact protection for the wall, it is today primarily used as decoration. Panelling was traditionally attached to the wall with the help of a subconstruction of slats, which served as the carrier and foundation for the sheets of wood, boards or slats used.
These are chipboard boards with a coated surface that can be mounted like laminate. A differentiation can thereby be made between seamless laying and seam visuals. The panels can be attached vertically or horizontally.
Wood panelling can vary in colour depending upon the wood chosen: the most popular include panelling of walnut, elm and oak. In addition to panels of chipboard, the trend is increasing toward natural materials, such as solid wood or tree bark.
That these types of wall cladding have nothing to do with the often somewhat absurd charm of the walls of the 1970s and 80s is shown by the new designs of the companies Jordan and Freund GmbH.
New naturalness with lots of benefits
Wall cladding of wood quickly create a new feeling in the room. The Jordan company offers various possibilities for creative wall design. The "Paro" collection, for example, is available as a variant of split wood.
Extraordinary, three-dimensional wall designs, front fillings or decorative room elements can be realised with the 25 to 40 centimetre long shingles, which are attached to fibreboard (format 360 x 550 millimetres). The relief surface is not only an eye-catcher, but also improves the acoustics in the room.
Thanks to the sorption capability of the wood, the humidity of the air in the room is regulated, depending upon the area and the type of wood.
Freund GmbH is also known for wall panelling that not only looks good, but at the same time also conditions the air in the room. The Austrian company thereby relies on natural materials for interiors, such as poplar bark. Poplar is a willow tree and can reach heights of 30 to 45 metres.
Bark House, a business partner of Freund GmbH, harvests the natural wood on the hottest days of the year. In the process, the bark is carefully peeled from the trees in one piece and laid out with heavy weights that press them into a straight form.
Following harvesting and drying, the bark can be used in one piece – gluing onto a separate carrier material is not necessary. The company also offers shingles of poplar bark as a more economical alternative to the bark panels.
Whether a wall element is completely or only partially clad with wood also depends not least upon the function the wood is to fulfil. The selection process is very multi-faceted when purely visual aspects are involved.
However, wood can also have practical benefits as wall panelling – for example, when the wood panelling is to be used as noise insulation or to condition the air in a room. The type of design and the use of the natural material is always in the hands of the client.